In common usage, hacker is generic term for a computer criminal, often with a specific specialty in computer intrusion. While other definitions peculiar to the computer enthusiast community exist, they are rarely used in mainstream context. Computer hacking subculture is often referred to as the network hacker subculture or simply the computer underground.[citation needed] According to its adherents, cultural values center around the idea of creative and extraordinary computer usage.[citation needed] Proponents claim to be motivated by artistic and political ends, but are often unconcerned about the use of criminal means to achieve them.

Paul A Taylor defines a hack as being simple but impressive; involving sophisticated technical knowledge; and having the illicitness of being against the rules.

Richard Stallman claims that “The original meaning of the term hacker is ‘(someone who) playfully does something difficult. He further claims that “Around 1980, when the news media took notice of hackers, they fixated on one narrow aspect of real hacking: the security breaking which some hackers occasionally did”. This has led to the current definition of the word hacker.”


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